Achilles Tendinitis is an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to your heel bone.

Achilles Tendinitis most commonly occurs in runners who have suddenly increased the intensity or duration of their runs.

Most cases of Achilles Tendinitis can be treated with relatively simple, at-home care under a therapist’s or doctor’s supervision. Self-care strategies such as exercises at home will prevent recurring episodes. The more serious cases of Achilles Tendinitis can lead to tendon tears that may require surgical repair.

Achilles Tendonitis drawing

Symptoms

The pain associated with Achilles Tendinitis typically begins as a mild ache in the back of the leg or above the heel after or during sports activity. If you’re experiencing more severe pain (which may occur after prolonged running, stair climbing or sprinting) you will also experience tenderness or stiffness more severely in the morning, which will usually improve with intermittent rest and mild activity.
Causes

Achilles Tendinitis is caused by repetitive or intense strain on the Achilles Tendon, the band of tissue that connects your calf muscles to your heel bone. This tendon is used when you walk, run, jump or push up on your toes.

The Achilles tendon’s structure weakens with age, making it more prone to injury, particularly in those who participate in sports or exercise.

Risk Factors

A number of factors to increase your risk of Achilles Tendinitis.

. Age. Achilles Tendinitis is more common as you age.

. Your Sex. Achilles Tendinitis occurs most commonly in men.

. Physicality. A naturally flat arch in your foot can put more strain on the Achilles tendon. Obesity and tight calf muscles also can increase tendon strain.

. Training choices. Running in worn-out shoes, training in cold weather (as opposed to warm weather) and running on uneven terrain can cause an Achilles injury.

. Medical conditions. People with psoriasis or high blood pressure are at higher risk of developing Achilles Tendinitis.

Prevention

  • Take it easy and rest
  • Increase your activity level gradually
  • Choose your shoes carefully
  • Stretch daily
  • Strengthen your calf muscles
  • Cross-train.

 

Absolute Sports Therapy

If you are experiencing prolonged discomfort, be that during or after training, and you have followed the self-care advice provided here, please feel free to contact Maddi directly maddi.matravers@absolutetrainingandnutrition.com for a no-obligation chat about your discomfort and get personalised recommendations to alleviate your condition and get you back to full mobility in the safest and most effective way.