During the last 20 years coronary heart disease has become one of the leading causes of death in the UK. Smoking, Diabetes, Obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high Triglyceride have been linked directly to heart problems.
What is cholesterol and Triglyceride?
Cholesterol is essential for us to manufacture “Vitamin D”, certain hormones and to produce cell membranes. It is found in many foods particularly those that originate from animals such as meat, dairy and eggs. Triglycerides are stored in fat cells and are released when the body requires energy, but high levels of these can become dangerous.
A balanced diet and lifestyle coupled with exercise can help maintain healthy levels of these, however this will not guarantee low or normal levels in some individuals.
High cholesterol levels can increase the likelihood of fatty deposits known as plaque on artery walls. This can result in the narrowing of the arteries and therefore increase in blood pressure. So your heart starts to work harder to ensure the same amount of blood flows through the arteries. This means that the heart also receives less oxygen and increases the risk of a heart attack.
Causes of High Triglycerides
Higher triglyceride levels are typical after finishing high-fat meals. Lowering triglycerides is part of the body’s natural response. Increased triglyceride levels are associated with increased levels of LDL Bad cholesterol and this means there may be an increased risk of heart problems.
Most causes are things that you do in your lives that affect your triglyceride levels and therefore your cholesterol. These include a diet high in carbohydrate (sugar), excessive alcohol consumption, exogenous estrogen, and poorly controlled diabetes. Women and diabetes are particularly at risk. Research suggests a diet high in carbs (which raise blood sugar and insulin levels) will result in greater storage and production of fat. This will in turn promote high triglyceride suggesting bad cholesterol levels are too high and good cholesterol (HDL) is too low.
There is a possible correlation between high triglycerides and high blood pressure. Excess amounts of these fats can lead to plaque deposits, increased blood pressure and heart problems. If over a satisfied period this can also lead to pancreatic which can lead to diabetes. This can then spread to other organs including your heart, lungs and kidneys. So as well as treating high cholesterol, lowering triglycerides is essential.
What you can do:
- Eat a low carb and reduced fat diet.
- Exercise regularly
- Reducing stress
- Reaching and maintaining a healthy weight
- Reducing body fat